Gum diseases start with inflammation of the gums (gingivitis). The most prominent symptom of gingivitis is bleeding gums. If left untreated, over time, the jaw bones can melt, causing severe infections (periodontitis) that can cause tooth loss. Untreated gum disorders can lead to tooth displacement, tooth lengthening, faster tooth decay and gaps between teeth. The result of all this is loose teeth and undesirable bad breath.
What are the substances that cause gum infections?
Although the main cause of gum disease is microbial dental plaque, factors such as smoking and diabetes can cause the disease to occur. In smokers, the disease may become difficult to recognize due to the effects of nicotine on the vessels. Although some gum diseases are hereditary, gum problems can be prevented in most patients with good oral care and regular dentist control.