What is an Impacted Tooth?
The teeth that cannot come out where they should be in the mouth and remain under the jawbone are called impacted teeth. Although it is known that wisdom teeth are usually impacted, canines, premolars and lateral incisors are also frequently impacted. Mostly, the jawbone cannot develop sufficiently after the early loss of deciduous teeth and in this case, there is a narrow space for the tooth coming from below; therefore, the tooth cannot come to the surface and remains buried underneath. As a result of the neighboring teeth shifting towards the cavity after early loss of deciduous teeth, the tooth coming from the bottom cannot erupt into the oral environment because it cannot find a place and may remain impacted. If the decays that occur on the interfacial surface of the deciduous teeth during growth and development are not treated, the distance that the erupting permanent tooth will cover in the mouth is not fully protected. In this case, the permanent tooth either takes its place in the jaw in a crooked manner or remains impacted. If the jaw is anatomically wider than the sum of the widths of the underlying permanent teeth, the teeth cannot fit into the oral environment during alignment, which causes some teeth to remain impacted or crowded.
When should impacted teeth be extracted?
If the location and position of the impacted tooth does not cause any infection or cyst and if there is no pressure on the surrounding teeth, it is followed up by the doctor and extracted if necessary.
Semi-implanted wisdom teeth can cause bad odors in the mouth because they cannot be cleaned completely. In addition, semi-implanted teeth should be extracted because they can cause many negative infectious conditions such as pain, swelling, swelling in the lymph nodes, restriction in mouth opening due to food residues and plaque accumulated around them. Fully impacted wisdom teeth can put pressure on and damage the neighboring 2nd molar and some of them may have cysts around them. In these cases, they should be extracted.
Impacted, semi-implanted wisdom teeth should be extracted if the teeth need to be moved completely backwards during orthodontic treatment.
Things to be considered after tooth extraction:
Our doctors will provide post-op information.
- Tampering with the wound site may cause infection.
- Smoking should not be used for the first 24 hours as it may increase bleeding.
- Do not chew on the side where the tooth was extracted for the first 24 hours.
- After the first 24 hours, gargle with salt water at 2-hour intervals.
- For bleeding control, if stitches have been applied, tampon should be applied with sterile gauze for half an hour.
- After tooth extraction, cold tampon is applied to the operated area.